DATE OF BIRTH: August 17, 1953


  Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1982
  M.S., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1979
  M.A., University of Delaware, 1977
  B.A., Montclair State College (Magna Cum Laude), 1975


  Donald L. Wilson Professor of Enterprise and Leadership: Grinnell College, July 2009 - Present
  Professor of Economics: Grinnell College, May 2001 - Present
  Visiting Professor: Nanjing University, Nanjing, China, Summer 1998
  Associate Professor: Grinnell College, August 1993 - May 2001
  Visiting Associate Professor: Smith College, August 1994 - June 1995
  Assistant Professor: Grinnell College, August 1989 - 1993
  Senior Economist: Abt Associates Inc., July 1988 - July 1989
  Assistant Professor: Mount Holyoke College, August 1982 - May 1988
  Project Specialist: Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin, 1980 - 1981


  "Back to School: An Application of Human Capital Theory for Mature Workers," (with Chris Jepsen) Economics of Education Review, (February, 2012)

  "Miles to Go Before I Learn: The Effect of Travel Distance on a Mature Person’s Choice of a Community College," (with Chris Jepsen), Journal of Urban Economics, January 2009

  "Best Laid Plans: Gender and the MBA Completion Rate of GMAT Test Registrants," (With Kate Anderson ) Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance (February 2007)

  “The Effect of Tuition and Opportunity Cost on the Pursuit and Completion of a Graduate Management Degree,” (with Irene Powell), Journal of Education for Business (March/April 2006)

  “What Kind of Capital Do You Need to Start a Business: Human or Financial?" (with Terry Johnson and Syed Faisal), Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance (February 2005)

  "Does a Woman with an Advanced Degree Face Less Discrimination? Evidence from MBA Recipients, "(with Irene Powell) Industrial Relations (July 2003)

  "A Nested Logit Model of Choice of a Graduate Business School," Economics of Education Review (October 2002)

  "The Welfare Effects of Toxic Contamination in Freshwater Fish," (with Mike Needelman), Land Economics (May 1997)

  "Are Part-Time Women Paid Less? A Model with Firm-Specific Effects," (with James Cosgrove) Economic Inquiry (January 1995)

  "Compensation Structure and Establishment Quit and Fire Rates," (with Irene Powell and James Cosgrove), Industrial Relations (Spring 1994)

  "Fringe Benefits and the Demand for Part-Timer Workers," (with James Cosgrove), Industrial and Labor Relations Review (October 1993)

  "Does the Targeted Jobs Tax Credit Create Jobs at Subsidized Firms?" (with John Bishop), Industrial Relations (Fall 1993)

  "New Evidence on Unions and Layoff Rates," Industrial and Labor Relations Review (July 1991)

  "Reliability and Predictive Validity of Contingent Valuation: Does the Nature of the Good Matter?" (with Mary Jo Kealy and John Dovidio), Journal of Environmental Economics and Management (November 1990)

  "Hours of Part-Time and Full-Time Workers at the Same Firm," Industrial Relations (Fall 1988)

  "On the Determinants of Employer Demand for Part-Time Workers," Review of Economics and Statistics (February 1988)

  "Evidence on Firm Participation in Employment Subsidy Programs," (with John Bishop), Industrial Relations (Winter 1986)

  "On the Dynamic Response of a Firm to an Employment Subsidy with Fixed Threshold," (with Charles Wilson), The Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control (December 1985)

  "Methods for Calculating Regional Industrial Multipliers," (with William R. Latham), Growth and Change (October 1979)


 Saving International Adoption (with Irene Powell), Vanderbilt University Press (Jan 2018))

 Theoretically Dead, a mystery novel (with Irene Powell), New Victoria Publishers (October 2001)


“The Democratic candidates may be in Iowa, but they're ignoring the decline of rural America”CNN Business Perspectives, January 14th, 2020

“As an Iowa Democratic caucus voter, even I think we might have too much power in elections” USA Today, December 12, 2019

“Why the 2020 candidates' economic plans are making me question if I'm really a Democrat” CNN Business Perspectives, November 20, 2019

“With end of tenure in sight, end of tether is too" Times Higher Education, August 4, 2016

“The importance of funding graduate students who aren't research stars” Inside Higher Education, July 7, 2016

“Prozac Ph.D.” Chronicle of Higher Education, (October 5, 2015)

 “How do I look in this iPod?” Chronicle of Higher Education, July 2nd 2012

 "How White Was My Prairie?" (in Mary Ruth Marotte, Paige Martin Reynolds, and Ralph Savarese (ed.) Papa Ph.D. Essays on Fatherhood in the Academy (Rutgers University Press, 2010)

  "Confessions of a Bad Academic Advisor," Chronicle of Higher Education, August 8, 2010

  "How Old is too Old to Wear an iPod in Public?" Des Moines Register, February 6, 2010

  “Maybe Dependence on Foreign Oil Isn't So Bad,” The Des Moines Register, August 1, 2009

  “The No-Fear Option,” The Imperfect Parent, June 13, 2008

  "Wrestling Families Make Outsiders Feel Right at Home,” Des Moines Register, March 29, 2008

  "Of Love and Audits" The American (March 2007); Dallas Morning News, March 18, 2007.

  "The Mysterious Case of the Academic Mystery" vol. 22, no. 4, Winter 2006-2007.

  "Family Closeness in Academe: A Cautionary Tale," Chronicle of Higher Education, August 11th, 2006.

  "Prejection: The New Therapy for Self-Esteem," Chronicle of Higher Education, September 2003.

  "How Many Birthdays Do I Get?" Des Moines Sunday Register, February 16, 2003.

  "Chapter 9: An Excerpt from Theoretically Dead," (with Irene Powell), Grinnell Magazine, Winter 2002.

  "And the Two Shall be As One: Job Sharing in an Academic Department," (with Irene Powell) in Curtis D. Bennet and Annalisa Crannell, ed., Starting Our Careers, American Mathematical Society, 1999.

  "On Parental Censorship," To The Best of Our Knowledge, Public Radio Int., March 1997.

  "Why Aren’t There Great Speakers Anymore?" To The Best of Our Knowledge, Public Radio Int., October 1996.

  "Confessions of a Reluctant Tutorial Professor," Grinnell Magazine, October 1996.

  "Should Economists Marry Economists?" (with Irene Powell) Newsletter of the Committee on the Status of Women in the Economic Profession, American Economic Association, October 1992.

  "Disappointed in the Primaries," The Gazette, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, November 1991.

  "A Different Standard of Road Etiquette in Iowa," The Gazette, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, April 21st, 1991.

  "What Common Economic Indicators Mean to You," The Gazette, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, January 27th, 1991.


  Seminar in the Economics of Education
  Statistical Methods in Economics
  American Labor Markets
  Seminar in Labor Economics
  Environmental and Natural Resource Economics
  Seminar in Environmental Economics
  Seminar in Public Finance
  Seminar in Urban and Regional Economics
  Mathematical Economics
  Intermediate Microeconomic Theory
  Introductory Microeconomics
  Introductory Macroeconomics
  Introduction to Economics
  1st Year Tutorial: Globalization

  1st Year Tutorial: Dire Warnings

  1st Year Tutorial: Technology and the Environment


  Industrial Economics Cambridge, MA, June 1999 - Present

Principal investigator on a study of the welfare cost of contamination in Lake Onondaga, NY, for the New York Department of Environmental Conservation
  Industrial Economics Cambridge, MA, December 1998
Study of the economic cost of acidification in the lakes in Adirondack region of New York, for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  Normandeau Associates Bedford, NH, Spring 1997
Study of the economic cost of toxic contamination of fish in Onondaga Lake, New York, for the New York Department of Environmental Conservation.
  Battelle Seattle Research Center Seattle, WA, Fall 1996
Senior analyst on a study of the effects of opportunity cost on the rates of attendance and completion of graduate management programs.
  Battelle Seattle Research Center Seattle, WA, Summer/Fall 1995
Task leader for survey design in a study of the Washington State public vocational training system. The study was sponsored by the Washington Workforce Training and Education Coordinating Board.
  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Washington, DC, July 1991 - July 1994
Estimating the benefits of improvements in water quality to users of water bodies in New York State. Random utility models were used to estimate the effect of water-quality deterioration on the welfare of anglers in New York State. The model used EPA's Aquatic Based Recreation Survey in conjunction with a water-quality database provided by the New York Department of Environmental Conservation
  National Center for Research in Vocational Education Columbus, OH, May - September 1984
Empirical analyst on a study of the impact of the Targeted Jobs Tax Credit for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.


  Secretary-Treasurer, Midwest Economics Association, 1994-2004

  Member, Study Development Committee on Public Finance, Iowa Research Council, 1996

  Proposal Reviewer, National Science Foundation, Fall 2000

  Manuscript referee for Review of Economics and Statistics, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Journal of Human Resources, Industrial Relations, Economic Inquiry, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Current Economic Policy, Growth and Change, Journal of Economic Education, Water Resources Research, Journal of Environment and Development