The Statutory Charter of the Novgorod Prince
Sviatoslav Ol'govich [ca. 1136-38]
to the Church of St. Sophia in Novgorod (1136/1137)
1. The statute, which we had in Rus' from our great-grandfathers and grandfathers, gave to the bishop a tenth [part] from the tribute and from the bloodwites and fines, [and from] everything that comes into the prince's household.
2. And here in Novgorod I found established by the princes who came before me a tithe [given to the Church] from the tribute. I saw [that the church received] as much of a tithe from the bloodwites and fines as [came all the?] days into the prince's hands, into his storehouse.
3. The bishop has needs, just as the prince has needs, [so that] the tenth part is God's. For that reason I have established that matter for St. Sophia's, and the bishop takes in place of the tithe from the bloodwites and fines 100 grivnas of new kunas  that the revenue collector in the Onega [land] pays. If the revenue collector does not provide a full 100 [grivnas], but gives 80 [grivnas] instead, then take the additional 20 grivnas from the prince's treasury.
4. I, the Novgorod Prince Nikola Sviatoslav, have agreed [to the following] for St. Sophia [Cathedral] and have written: in Onega in Voldutov district [provide] two [sets] of forty [furs], and in Tudorov district [another] two [sets] of forty [furs], [and] in the Ivan district three [sets] of forty [furs], [and] in Rakula [another] three [sets of forty furs], [and] in Spirkov [another] two [sets of forty furs], from Vikhtui forty [furs], in Pinega three [sets of forty furs], in Kegrel another three [sets], [from the district at the] mouth of the Emtsa [River] two [sets], from the mouth of the Vaga [River another] two, from the Puite forty [furs], from Chiudin half [a set of] forty [furs], from Ligoui, including [all] duties, two [sets], from Vavdit, including [all] duties two [sets], from Vel' two [sets], from the Vekshenza [River district] two [sets], from Borka forty [furs], in Otmina [another] forty [furs], from Toima [another] forty, from Poma half [a set of] forty [furs], from Tosh'ma forty, from Penenich forty, from Porogopustitsy half [a set of] forty [furs], from Valdit two [sets of] forty [furs], from Volotsk in the Mosha [River district another] two, from Ema forty [furs], and from the sea district, from the salt kettles and boilers by weight, from Tudor forty [furs].
[Written] in the year 6645 [1136/37], the fifteenth indiction.
5. If anyone at any time violates or revokes what I, Prince Nikola Sviatoslav, have agreed [to] with the Novgorod Archbishop Nifont [d. 1156], whether [he be] a prince, or some other powerful Novgorodian, he will be against God and St. Sophia.
6. And this is the agreement for Obonega: In Olonets three grivnas, in Svera one grivna, in Iuskola three grivnas, in Tervinichi three grivnas, in V'iunitsa one grivna, [from the district at the] mouth of the Pasha [River] one grivna, from Pakhitok along the Pasha [River] half a grivna, from Koukuev hill one grivna, from Permin one grivna, from Kokorok half a grivna, from the Masiega lowland of the Sias' [River] half a grivna, in the journey through all the land 10 grivnas to the archbishop, and two grivnas to the priest, from Lipsouevich half a grivna, one grivna from Toivot, and half a grivna in Lipna.
7. And this is the agreement for Bezichiche district [Bezhetskii Verkh]: In Bezhichi 6 grivnas and 10 kunas, Gorodetsk [pays] two and a half grivnas, and Zmen' [pays] 5 grivnas, Ez'ska [pays] 4 grivnas and 10 kunas, Rybansk [pays] one Volga grivna, and in Iz'sk [pays] one-half a Volga grivna.
 New kunas, or "fur" kunas, entered circulation sometime in the twelfth century; four of these "new" kunas equalled one silver grivna (Rossiiskoe zakonodatel'stvo X-XX vv., 7 vols. to date [Moscow: Iuridicheskaia literatura, 1984- ], 1:228).
 What distinguished a Volga grivna from the usual grivna is unclear. Bezhichi was located along the upper Volga River valley.