you have analyzed the syntactic structure of a sentence,
especially its clause structures, you can also identify which of
four possible sentence
patterns the sentence exhibits.* Below are models of the
four kinds. Knowing what sentence pattern you're using can be very
helpful when you're trying to revise; it's crucial
in deciding on punctuation.
Sentence (one independent clause)
and Jill went up the very steep hill to fetch a large pail of cold
water, a dozen eggs, and a cake for their mother's
Jack and Jill went up the hill.
Sentence (two or more independent clauses)
went up the hill, and he fell down almost immediately.
went up the hill; however, he fell down almost
went up the hill; he fell down almost immediately.
Sentence (an independent clause and a dependent clause)
Jack fell down the hill, he felt his head for injuries.
Sentence (a combination of the compound and the complex
Jack fell down the hill, he felt his head for injuries, but he
discovered that he had none.
should also note another group of four sentence patterns:
declarative, interrogatory, imperative, and exclamatory. The last
three are variations of the first.
Identify the sentence pattern in each of the following examples
and supply proper punctuation. Be prepared to explain the reasons for what you've supplied. Diagram 2, 3, 6, 7, and 9.
On top of Old Smokey I lost my true lover because he courted too
Thieves will rob you and take what you have but a false-hearted
lover will send you to your grave.
Never place your affection in a young willow tree.
When we marched down to Fennario our captain fell in love with a
lady like a dove.
He turned his face to the wall and death was welling in him.
He cut off the head of his bonny brown bride and flung it against
Once I wore my apron high now my apron strings won't tie.
My watch was new and my money too nevertheless she'd fled with
both by morning.
The teacher says the school board is a fool.