Kagungan Dalem Gamelan
K. K. MAÉSAGANGGANG
Acquired during the Reign of Sultan Hamengku Buwana I
Type: archaic—kodhok ngorèk
Tuning: mixed—special 3-tone scale with saron tuned to sléndro
As with the gamelan monggang K.K. Gunturlaut, the gamelan kodhok ngorèk K.K. Maésaganggang (Fighting Buffalo) also came to the Kraton Yogyakarta in 1755 as a result of the Treaty of Giyanti. It likewise needed to be made complete with the addition of instruments, which were added by 1757. Some speculate that the original gamelan kodhok ngorèk is even older than the gamelan monggang, dating from well before the 14th Century Majapahit kingdom. This set is considered a palace heirloom (pusaka).
K.K. Maésaganggang is painted a rich dark red with gold highlights. This set’s carving motif--a frog (kodhok) framed by wings (mirong)--makes reference not to the name of the gamelan itself, but to its type--kodhok ngorèk translates as “croaking frogs.”
Among the archaic instruments found in this set are a bell rattle (sekar dlima) and cymbals (rojeh). The four gong chimes (bonang) in this set each have eight gongs arranged in a single straight row. This set includes three melodic instruments with thick bronze keys (one demung and two smaller saron barung) that were probably added to this set in 1757—they were not a part of this type of ensemble prior to the founding of the Kraton Yogyakarta. There is only one musical piece (gendhing), with fast and slow versions, preformed on this set.
This is a ceremonial gamelan the sounding of which is reserved for specific occasions. At the present time it is used almost exclusively for the coronation of a sultan, although in the past it was also used for the circumcision ceremonies of the sultan’s children and as part of the thrice yearly Islamic holy day processions called garebeg.