Kagungan Dalem Gamelan
Acquired during the Reign of Sultan Hamengku Buwana VI
Type: common practice
Tuning: sléndro (Harjanegara); pélog (Harjamulya)

Audio Clip (Harjanegara), Audio Clip (Harjamulya)

Although these two sets look identical to one another and their names are likewise quite similar, their origins and earlier utilization in palace life are actually quite independent of one another. K.K. Harjanegara (Prosperous Kingdom) was either commissioned or purchased as a separate gamelan sléndro by the Sixth Sultan when he was still the Crown Prince. Once he became Sultan it was paired with the gamelan pélog K.K. Panji, which had been acquired by the Fifth Sultan. These two sets were from then until the beginning of the reign of the Eighth Sultan used together for similar sorts of occasions (see K.K. Panji entry). K.K. Harjamulya (Prosperous Glory) was purchased by the Sixth Sultan during his reign from Raden Tummenggung Kertanegara, his commander of the palace troops. At that time K.K. Harjamulya was known as K.K. Tummenggung (a palace rank) and was paired with the gamelan sléndro K.K. Riya (a palace rank), which was acquired at the same time (K.K. Riya is no longer in the possession of the palace but is now privately owned and paired with another former palace set, the gamelan pélog K.K. Bremara). K.K. Harjamulya and K.K. Tummenggung came to be paired together by the Eighth Sultan, who had these sets modernized, commissioned new matched casings for both, and renamed K.K. Tumenggung to K.K. Harjamulya. Prior to the pairing of these two sets K.K. Tumenggung was used, along with K.K. Riya, to accompany palace dance and dance drama entertainments. (See the entry for K.K. Panji for a listing of the types of occasions for which K.K. Harjanegara was used.) Since the reign of the Ninth Sultan (1940-1988) this pair of gamelans has been used in rotation with a few other sléndro-pélog pairings for uyon-uyon (concert) Hadiluhung, which celebrates the weton (the coincidence of days in the 5- and 7-day Javanese weeks on which a person is born; this coincidence recurs every thirty-five days) of the reigning Sultan and which is broadcast live over the government radio station in Yogyakarta.

At the present time K.K. Harjanegara and K.K. Harjamulya have identical casings and colors (dark brown with gold highlight on a dark red background), but as recently as the early 1990s they were painted different colors from one another—K.K. Harjanegara was a reddish-brown, K.K. Harjamulya a vibrant dark blue, both sets with gold highlight. These were probably the colors that they were given when they were paired together and given new casings during the reign of the Eighth Sultan. We believe that the new casings made at that time were based on the earlier casings for K.K. Harjanegara; K.K. Tummenggung’s casings looked totally different. The new casings, which are the current ones, are characterized by vegetation motifs that on many panels are carved all the way through the wood. This adds a spectacular three-dimensional quality to the casings. Included on the front boards of the gendèr-type instuments is the royal emblem of the Eighth Sultan.