CLS 248-01: Greek Archaeology and Art
Spring Semester, 2005

Gerald V. Lalonde
ARH 311B | x4264 | lalondg@grinnell.edu | Office Hours: MWF, 11-12; 3:15-4:05; TTh, 2:30-4:05 or appt.
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HANDOUTS


 

SOME FIGURES AND INSTITUTIONS OF GREEK PROTOARCHAEOLOGY


Herodotus (mid-5th c.B.C.)
Thucydides (5th c. B.C.)
Romans (2nd c. B.C.- )
Vitruvius Pollio (late 1st c. B.C.)
Pliny the Elder (A.D.23/24 - 79)
Pausanias (the Lydian?) (fl.ca.A.D.150)
Early Christianity
Theodosius (late 4th)
Justinian (6th c)
Renaissance (14th-15th cc.)
Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca) (1304-1374)
Ciriacus of Ancona (ca.1391-1450)
Marquis de Nointel and Jacques Carrey (1674)
J.J. Winckelmann (1717-1768)
James Stuart and Nicholas Revett (1762 - 1816)
Lord Elgin (Thomas Bruce) (1799 - 1812)
Greek War of Independence (First phase) and Philhellenism. (1821-1829)
Greek Archaeological Society - 1837


ARCHAEOLOGICAL & HISTORICAL CHRONOLOGY OF ANCIENT GREECE*

NEOLITHIC 6000-3000

BRONZE AGE 3000-1100


HELLADIC / MINOAN / CYCLADIC
     EH   EM   EC       2900-2000
     MH  MM MC        2000-1550
     LH   LM   LC       1550-1100

SUBMYCENAEAN & PROTOGEOMETRIC 1100-900

GEOMETRIC 900-700

ARCHAIC 700-500

CLASSICAL 500-323

HELLENISTIC 323-2ND C.(ROMAN CONQUEST)

* All dates are approximate (except 323, the year of the death of Alexander the Great) and B.C.



LERNA: ARCHAEOLOGICAL LEVELS AND CHRONOLOGY

LERNA I - II      Neolithic (4th Millennium)

Site abandoned for several centuries

LERNA III         Early Helladic II (2500-2200)    Building BG (ca. 2300); House of Tiles (ca. 2200)


LERNA IV         Early Helladic III (2200-1900)    Circular Temenos; Patterned Ware


LERNA V          Middle Helladic (1900-1550)    Minyan ware users.

LERNA VI         Late Helladic (1550-1100)    Insignificant site eclipsed by Tiryns and Mycenae

 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF ANCIENT TROY (All dates B.C. and approximate)

Troy I 3000-2500 Ten phases; Destruction by earthquake; same inhabitants apparently continue through Troy V.

Troy II 2500-2200 Seven phases; three successive fortification walls. Contemporary of Lerna III; Schliemann's treasure found (?) in level IIg (S's Troy of Priam); destroyed by fire, but no change of inhabitants.

Troy III-V 2200-2000 Troy III-V of much diminished importance; successively destroyed by unknown causes.

Troy VI 1900-1300 Start of Middle Bronze Age. People of new stock, bringers of horses, take over. Three successive fortifications of increasing strength and magnificence.(the third with smooth battered walls). Gateways protected by massive towers. Large houses supported by pillars and columns. Eighth phase (ca.1300) utterly destroyed by earthquake (Doerpfeld's Troy of Priam).Same inhabitants begin humble reconstruction.


Troy VIIa 1300-1260 Destroyed by fire and reduced to ruins; skeletal remains in houses and streets suggest violence accompanied the disaster.(Blegen's Troy of Priam)

Troy VIIb 1 1260-1190 Minor number of survivors rebuild.

Troy VIIb 2 1190-1100 Primitive Thracians occupy Troy until end of Bronze Age when site abandoned for four centuries.

Troy VIII 700-300 Site colonized by Greeks, but never a major city.

Troy IX 300-through the Hellenistic and Roman ages.


 


Department of Classics | Grinnell College
January 21, 2005