Please contact me for appointments via email or just drop by. I
am in most days 8-5, but teach MWF 8-9 and 11-12, W 1-4, and TTH
Goals of the
1.Understand SOME of theoretical approaches anthropologists,
especially archaeologists, have used to analyze the ways humans
2.Learn how to use the Geographic Information Systems
(GIS) software ArcGIS to analyze spatial data.
Complete a major project of your choosing and present it at the poster
session of the Iowa Academy of Sciences in April.
Basic course Organization
The class will be structured around 3 lecture/discussion sessions
and a full afternoon lab. Generally there will be articles to read
and discuss and/or lectures, when appropriate, on Monday and Wednesday.
Wednesday afternoon is the lab. Most labs we will attack archaeological
problems via ArcMap, a Geographical Information Systems (GIS) software and other
relevant computer programs such as statistical packages. Normally,
there will be no assigned readings for Friday, but the lab exercises
will be due and we will spend at least part of class time discussing
As is appropriate
to a seminar, a major portion of the course will be devoted to individual
projects on spatial patterning. I will provide some project suggestions
that I am pretty sure will “work”; other project topics are possible,
but you need to convince me well ahead of time that your project is
a) interesting and b) feasible. This will entail being able to demonstrate
that the necessary data is available to you and you know how to find
it. The deadline for alternative project proposals is September 12.
The proposal MUST include information about the sources of the spatial
data you will use. You must be able to convince me that you are able
to access the spatial data you need and that it will be of sufficient
quality to complete your project.
START WORK ON YOUR PROJECTS SOON. These things ALWAYS
take longer than you anticipate.
Grading-Grades will be based on the following components:
Attendance and participation—10%
Lab write-ups—40% NOTE: Late labs will not be accepted.
Final project presentation and poster—30%
Introduction: The Importance of Space and Context
Friday 8/29—Introduction—Overview of the class, brainstorming about
space and culture
The social meaning
Hall, Edward T. 1966. The Hidden Dimension, Chs. 9, 10,
12, pp. 102-129, 149-164. New York:
Goffman, Erving. 1959. The Presentation of Self in Everyday
11, pp. 106-140. New York:
Sørensen, Marie Louise Stig 2000. The Engendering of Space.
In Gender Archaeology, pp. 144-167. Cambridge,
Daphne 1992. Space and Status. Gendered Spaces, pp. 3-29.
Chapel Hill: University
of North Carolina Press.
Read the pre-lab handout before lab.
Lab 1 Visualizing Spatial Data/Making Pretty Maps
Friday 9/5 No reading; finish making your map and bring it to class.
We will learn how to set it up as a final map with a scale, etc.
Lévi-Strauss, Claude 1963. Structural
8, pp. 132-163. New York: Basic Books.
Wednesday 9/10 The Distribution of Traits Across Space
Driver, Harold E. 1961. Indians of North
8, pp. 116-135 and Maps 2 and 15-19. Chicago:
University of Chicago
Hodder, Ian 1978. The Maintenance of Group Identities in the
Baringo District, W. Kenya.
In Social Organization and Setlement: contributions from anthropology,
Archaeology and Geography, Part I, edited by D. Green, C. Haselgrove,
and M. Spriggs, pp. 47–73. Oxford:
BAR International Series 47.
Lab 2 Looking for Patterns
Project topic due
as an Explanatory Variable
Zubrow, Ezra B. 1971. Carrying Capacity and Dynamic Equilibrium
in the Prehistoric Southwest. American Antiquity 36 (2):
127-138. See JSTOR. This can be accessed via the Library Catalog
by typing the name of the journal and then using the electronic
Wednesday 9/17 Least cost/Optimal Foraging Theory
Winterhalder, Bruce 1987. The Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Diets:
Stalking an Optimal Foraging Model. In Food and Evolution: Toward
a Theory of Human Food Habits, edited by M. Harris and E.B.
Ross, pp. 311-339. Philadelphia:
Lab 3 Collecting
data using GPS, field checking maps, digitizing.
No reading Assignment. Collect observational data on Grinnell
Campus space use. You may also need to come in between Wednesday
and Friday to do a bit of digitizing. Data Collection due
by Friday via email.
Entering observational data
Monday 9/22 Catchment Analysis
Vita-Finzi, C. and E. S. Higgs 1970. Prehistoric Economy in the
Mount Carmel Area.
Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 36: 1-37.
Hill, J. Brett 2000. Decision Making at the Margins: Settlement
Trends, Temporal Scale, and Ecology in the Wadi al
Journal of Anthropological Archaeology19: 221-241. See
Hardesty, Donald L. and Don D. Fowler 2001. Archaeology and Environmental
Changes. In New Directions in Anthropology and Environment,
edited by C. L. Crumley, pp. 72-89. Walnut
Creek, CA: Altamira
Sullivan, Alan P. and Christian E. Downum 1991 Aridity, Activity,
and volcanic Ash agriculture: a study of Short-term Prehistoric
Cultural-Ecological Dynamics. World Archaeology 22(3): 271-287.
Wilcox , David R., David A. Gregory, and
J. Brett Hill n.d. Zuñi in the Puebloan and Southwestern Worlds.
In Zuñi Origins: Anthropological Approaches on Multiple Scales,
edited by D. A. Gregory and D. R. Wilcox. Publisher not yet decided.
Berry, City Size
Distributions and Economic Development Economic Development and
Cultural Change 9: 573-588.
Gould, Richard A. and John E. Yellen 1987. Man the Hunted: Determinants
of Household Spacing in Desert and Tropical Foraging Societies
Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 6:77-103.
Lab 5—Population distributions, the rank-size
rule, nearest neighbor measurements.
Discuss lab approaches.
Week 7 Politics
Monday 10/6 Population
Renfrew, Colin 1996. Peer Polity Interaction and Socio-political
Change. In Contemporary Archaeology in Theory, edited by
R. Preucel and I. Hodder, pp. 114-142. Cambridge,
Wednesday 10/8 Locational Analysis
Johnson, Gregory A.
1972 A Test of the
Utility of Central Place Theory in Archaeology. In Man, Settlement
and Urbanism, edited by R. Tringham, Peter J. Ucko, and G. W.
Dimbley, pp. 769-785. Duckworth, London.
Lab Territorial allocations and cost surfaces
Hall, Thomas D. 1999. World-Systems and Evolution: An Appraisal.
In World-Systems Theory in Practice: Leadership, Production,
and Exchange, edited by P.N.Kardulias, pp. 1-23. Lanham,
Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield.
Week 8 the Movement
of People and Goods
Monday 10/13 Review of the literature due.
Gorenflo, L.J. 1996. Regional Efficiency in Prehispanic Central
Mexico: Insights from Geographical Studies of Archaeological
Settlement Patterns. Arqueología Mesoamericana: Homenaje a William
T. Sanders, edited by A. GuadalupeM, J. R. Parsons, R. S. Santley,
and M. C. Serra P., pp. 135-159. Mexico City:
Instituto Nacional do Anthropología.
1975 Trade as Action
at a Distance: Questions of Integration and Communication. In Ancient
Civilization and Trade. Edited by Jeremy A. Sabloff and Lamberg-Karlovsky
C. C., pp. 3-59. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.
Lab Spider Diagrams and Exchange Systems/Least-Cost Paths
Malville, Nancy J. 2001. Long-distance Transport of Bulk Goods
in the Pre-Hispanic American Southwest. Journal of Anthropological
Archaeology 20: 230-243.
and the use of space within sites
Hegmon, Michelle, Scott G Ortman, and Jeannette L. Mobley-Tanaka
2000. Women, Men, and the Organization of Space. In Women and
Men in the Prehispanic Southwest: Labor, Power, and Prestige,
edited by Patricia L. Crown, pp. 43-90. Santa
Fe, New Mexico: School
of American Research
Enloe, James G., Francine David, and Timothy S. Hare. 1994. Patterns
of Faunal Processing at Section 27 of Pincevent: The Use of Spatial
Analysis and Ethnoarchaological Data in the Interpretation of Archaeological
Site Structure. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 13
Lab Spatial Means, Standard Deviations and Trend Surfaces
The Symbolic Meaning
Bradley, Richard. 1994. Symbols and Signposts—Understanding the
Prehistoric Petroglyphs of the British Isles.
In The Ancient Mind: Elements of Cognitive Archaeology, edited
by C. Renfrew and E. B.W. Zubrow, pp. 95-106. Cambridge:
Llobera, Marcos. 2001.Building Past Landscape
Perception with GIS: Understanding Topographic Prominence. Journal
of Archaeological Science 28: 1005-1014.
Zoran, Stančič and Kenneth Kvamme 1999. Settlement
Pattern Modeling through Boolean Overlays of Social and Environmental
Variables. New Techniques for Old times: Computer Applications
and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, edited by Juan A Barceló
Ivan Briz, and AssumpcióVila, pp. 231-237. Oxford:
BAR International Series 757.
Madry, Scott L. H. and Lynn Rakos 1996. Line-of-Sight and Cost-Surface
techniques for Regional Research in the ArrouxRiverValley.
In New Methods, Old Problems: Geographic Systems in Modern Archaeological
Research, edited by H.D. G. Maschner, pp. 104-126. Carbondale,
Ill.: Canter for Archaeological
Investigations Southern IllinoisUniversity at Carbondale
Occasional Paper 23.
and Predictive Modeling
the Grammar of Space
Shapiro, Jason S. 1999 New Light on Old Adobe: A Space Syntax
Analysis of CASa Grande. Kiva 64 (4): 419-446.
Donley, Linda Wiley 1982. House Power: Swahili Space and Symbolic
Markers. In Symbolic and Structural Archaeology, edited
by I. Hodder, pp. 63-73. Cambridge:
Lab Analyzing Space within a Site
Monday 11/17 and Tuesday 11/18 Project conferences by appointment
Wednesday and Friday (Out of town at AAA Meetings) Work