Anthropology 221.01 "Primate Behavior." Note change in prerequisite: Anthropology 104 and Biology 136 or permission of instructor.

Anthropology 268.01 (Also Music) "Regional Studies in World Music." See Music 268.01.

Anthropology 295.03 "Health and Nutrition in Prehistory." Covers methods, results and interpretations archaeologists use to determine paleonutrition. Topics include the transition to agriculture, dietary roles in hominid evolution, and our modern diet and its origins. Prerequisite: Intro to Anthropology 104. 4 credits.

Anthropology 395.01 "Advanced Special Topic: Ethnographic Representation." How do anthropologists represent their experience and understanding in ethnographic texts? The course begins with a survey of the genre conventions of "ethnographic realism" in classic anthropological writing through the 1970s, followed by a more detailed critical assessment of the movement toward experimental ethnography in the last two decades, including ethnographic novels, "confessional ethnography", "dramatic ethnography", "autoethnography", and "post-modernist ethnography". Prerequisite: Anthropology 280. 4 +2 credits.

Art 195.01 "African Art: An Introduction." A survey of the visual arts of Africa, focusing on the uses of art in religious, political and economic life, and on the collections and display of African art in the West. Prerequisite: None. 4 credits.

Art 253.01 "Exhibition Seminar: Edward S. Curtis: Fixing the Image of the Native American." The College Art Collection, thanks to the generous gift of John W. Rosenbloom '71, includes over 200 photographs by famed photographer Edward S. Curtis who published twenty volumes of images of Native Americans between 1907-30. Curtis' project, supported by Theodore Roosevelt and J. P. Morgan, was initially hailed as a faithful ethnography of a "vanishing race," but has in recent years suffered critique for its romanticization of the "noble savage." In this course we will study the politics of cultural representations, with particular emphases on photography's purported "truth" value and on the effects (from affirmation to critique) of museum display. We will explore the latter in theory and practice, selecting photographs from the collection and presenting them in an exhibition, with a catalogue written by students, at semester's end. Prerequisite: Art 103 or permission of the instructor. 4 credits.

Biology 195.01 "Introductory Special Topic: Prairie Restoration." As a way to explore how biologists ask questions and develop answers to them, this class will focus on the biology of the prairie, considering both its history in North America and contemporary studies of prairie restoration. It will be taught in Aworkshop@ format at Grinnell College=s Conard Environment Research Area (CERA), where we will use the prairie and savanna restorations there as our laboratory. Students will be required to formulate research questions based on their reading of the literature, design experimental or observational studies to test their hypotheses, and report on their findings in written and oral forms. One weekend field trip to regional prairie sites will be required and a second will be optional. Limited to students who have not taken a previous lab course in biology at the college level. Prerequisite: none. 4 credits.

Biology 365.01 "Microbiology." The structure, physiology and genetics of prokaryotes, and an introduction to viruses. Lecture includes discussions of papers from the current literature. Laboratory features multiweek investigations on selected topics in each area. Three lectures, one scheduled lab each week. Prerequisite: Biology 236 or permission of instructor. 4 credits.

Biology 370.01 "Advanced Cell Biology." This course examines selected topics that are the focus of current research describing the molecular biology of eukaryotic cells. Events occurring in the nucleus, cytoplasm, and at the cell surface are considered. Laboratories emphasize techniques to study protein in a variety of cell types including cells growing in culture. Prerequisite: Biology 236 or permission of instructor. 4 credits.

Education 250.01 "The Exceptional Child".@ Note credit change. 4 credits.

English 225.01 "African and Other Literature in English: Coming of Age in the Empire." This course examines the formation and expression of colonial and postcolonial identities by focusing on two foundational experiences: growing up in a post/colonial society and emigrating to a metropolitan center in Europe or North America. We first look at how the process of socialization in colonial and postcolonial societies shapes children's conception of self as colonized or post-colonial. Then we examine the experience of immigration to England and the United States. We see how immigrants re-evaluate their conception of the metropole and of themselves. In examining both experiences, we will be particularly concerned with the impact of gender in relation to race, ethnicity, and class. We will also consider the implications colonial and postcolonial writing has for traditional literary genres. What happens, for instance, to the romance plot? Why can marriage and love never seem to be the happy ending? Readings are chosen from literatures of the following authors: Katherine Mansfield, V.S. Naipaul, Tsitsi Dangarembga, Ama Ata Aidoo, and Arundhati Roy. Prerequisite: English 107, 115, or 118. 4 +2 credits.

English 295.01 "Special Topic: Reading and Writing Poetry." This will be a reading and writing course. In addition to discussing poems in the anthology and the writing process, we will make up poetry writing assignments for poems to be read aloud in the next session. Naturally, the Wednesday assignments due Friday will be of the sort one can do quickly. Prose writers may write the assignments as paragraphs. Short course meets during the weeks of September 13, September 20, and September 27 with the first class meeting on Wednesday the 15th. Required textbook: Contemporary American Poetry, 6th edition, ed. by A. Poulin, Jr., Houghton-Mufflin, 1996. Prerequisite: any Grinnell creative writing course. 2 credits.

English 314.01 "Milton." An intensive study of the poetry and selected prose of John Milton, with a special emphasis on Paradise Lost. Prerequisite: English 223. 4 +2 credits.

English 330.01 "Studies in American Prose: Fantastic Voyages." This class will examine the long tradition of "gothic travel" in American prose: voyages that carry the protagonistacross highly charged boundaries: the boundaries of life and death, slavery and freedom, race, nation, gender, class, family, geography, and, of course, the "real" and the "fantastic." We will focus on the development of the American novel, but we will also study non-fictional narratives from before and after the rise of the
novel. Beginning with non-fiction fantastic voyages by Mary Rowlandson (1682) and Sarah Kemble Knight (1704) and concluding with historical fictions by Charles Johnson and Toni Morrison, our readings will likely include Equiano, Brockden Brown, Poe, Douglass, Melville, Jacobs, Gilman, London, and Melville. The centerpiece of the reading will be Moby Dick, which will provide the focal-point for the consideration of the course's central themes: the relationship between travel and writing; the construction of identities, racial, gendered, and national; and the utopian and apocalyptic spaces discovered, invented, and explored in the fantastic voyages that have defined the course of American literary history. Prerequisite: English 227 or 228. 4 +2 credits.

English 332.01 "The Victorians." Topic: Politics and Poetics of Victorian Travel. The nineteenth century in Britain was a golden age of travel and travel writing. New-found prosperity and technological developments such as steamships and railways opened the Continent to tourism on an unprecedented scale. Imperial expansion both demanded and enabled more far-flung journeys to the African interior, the Himalayas, and the poles. Even London served as _terra incognita_ for middle-class urbanexplorers who mapped its labyrinthine streets and documented the alien ways of its inhabitants. In this course we will enlist theoretical and historical approaches in our attempt to understand the politics and poetics of Victorian travel. Authors are likely to include Isabella Bird, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Robert Browning, Charles Darwin, Charles Dickens, Thomas De Quincey, George Eliot, Henry James, Henry Mayhew. Prerequisites: English 224. 4 +2 credits.

English 340.01 "Crosscurrents in Twentieth Century Literature."@ Recent debates in cultural studies have shifted the modernist focus on time, once thought to be rich and dialectical, to the importance of space, formerly treated as immobile, neutral, even dead. Diverse writers and critics have begun to rethink space as a dynamic context for the making of history, as well as for the different organizations of social and communal life. This course will begin with a meditation on maps, exploring their mechanics, presences and absences. Among our questions: how do certain interests come to be embodied in cartography? How do literary works such as novels and poems imaginatively construct space as locales? regions? nations? worlds? In what ways do mapmaking and power mutually reinforce various kinds of social authority, but deny others? Texts may include works by Michael Ondaatje, David Malouf, Assia Djebar, Janet Frame, Sara Suleri, Djuna Barnes, Seamus Heaney, possibly others. Prerequisite: one of the following: English 223, 224, 225, 227, 228, or 229. 4 +2 credits.

English 385.01 "Writing Seminar: Fiction." The poet John Ciardi titled one of his best known texts How Does A Poem Mean? It's a legitimate question to bring to fiction as well, and one we'll try to address over the course of this class. The texts we'll use for our inquiry will mostly be your own everyone in this class will have a chance to have two or three of his or her short stories critiqued by the class, and everyone will be expected to write careful, thorough criticism of his or her colleagues' work.From time to time, depending on how the class goes, we may also be reading exemplary stories by contemporary writers like Charles Baxter, Jorge Luis Borges, Andre Dubus, Allen Gurganis, James Joyce, Lorrie Moore and Flannery O'Connor, as well as essays and belles lettres. We'll be playing close attention to the way writers weave story elements like plot, character, voice, dialog, exposition, scene, setting and time to create meaning in a fictional framework. Prerequisite: English 205 and permission of the instructor. 4 credits.

French 304.01 "French Civilization II." Conducted in French. An introduction to French civilization from the French Revolution to the present. Uses historical and literary texts, documentaries, and movies. Prerequisite: French 222 or equivalent. Offered in alternate years: 1999-00. 4 +2 credits.

French 329.01 "Literature and Society in 19th-Century and Belle Epoque France." Conducted in French. Examines texts representative of Romanticism, Realism, Naturalism, and post-Romantic poetry. Topics may include: the representation of nature; the role of description; the expression of desire, and the relationship between the individual and society. Prerequisite: French 312 or permission of the instructor. Offered every three years: 1999-00. 4 +2credits.

Global Development Studies 395.01 "Advanced Special Topic: The Anthropology of Globalization." Critical anthropological exploration of globalization, including globalization as a new economic, technological, political and/or cultural order. Strong focus on social theory, with case studies on/from various regions of the world (but with some emphasis on India and Bangladesh). Requirements include i) five papers (including a major research paper), ii) class presentations and iii) ADVANCED READING OVER THE SUMMER. Prerequisites: Anthropology and Global Development Studies students only.
For Anthropology majors: Anthropology 280. For Global Development Studies concentrators: Global Development Studies 111 and one advanced course from Global Development Studies sequence. 4 +2 credits.

History 195.01 & .02 "Introductory Special Topic: Cultural Encounters in History." This course will investigate a variety of cultural encounters by examining historical cases of conquest, migration, and pluralism. Cases will be drawn from the Americas, Africa, China, and Europe and from periods ranging from the early sixteenth to the late twentieth century. Topics include the Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire, the forced migration of African slaves, the voluntary migration of Eastern European Jews in the nineteenth century, the migration of Chinese to various locations in Asia and America, ethnic conflict and cooperation in early twentieth-century Chicago, and South Africa during and after apartheid. Primarily for first-year students. Prerequisites: none. 4 credits.

History 206.01"The Mexican Revolution." A study of the conflict that shaped modern Mexico. The course will survey the nineteenth-century background to the Revolution, the outbreak of the conflict, its military phase, the political and cultural transformation that followed, and conclude with an assessment of the Revolutionary legacy. Prerequisite: none. 4 +2 credits.

History 295.01"Special Topic: Radical Movements in Twentieth-Century Latin America." During the twentieth century, Latin America has witnessed both peaceful political movements and violent revolutions aimed at redressing economic inequalities and creating more just societies. This course will consider several of these movements in comparative perspective: Southern Cone populism of the 1930s and 1940s, the Arbenz government in Guatemala, the Allende regime in Chile, the Cuban and Nicaraguan revolutions, and the Brazilian Workers' Party. Prerequisites: none. 4 credits.

History 315.01 "The United States and Vietnam." This course examines the historical context of United States intervention in Vietnam from 1945 to 1975, with an emphasis on the social, economic, and political turmoil within Southeast Asia as well as the Cold War concerns that led American leaders to wage a full-scale war against an elusive and ill-defined "enemy" during the Johnson and Nixon administrations. The course will also consider the ongoing legacy of the United States loss in Vietnam and its impact upon recent American history. Sources utilized in the seminar present a wide array of perspectives and experiences, including policy documents from leaders in Vietnam and the United States, memoirs by soldiers, reminiscences by reporters, and accounts by others who witnessed the war. Students will be expected to initiate and carry the class discussions, define a major research project, produce an original paper, and present an oral report on their topic. The class will first focus on common readings and discussions, then shift to individual research and class reports. Prerequisites: History 112 and additional course work in history at the 200-level. 4 credits.

History 326.01 "Early American Utopias." Early European plans for the New World had fantastic expectations of the religious, social, political, and economic possibilities of colonization. Few of them came to fruition in the way their planners intended. This course will examine a few of these fantastic plans and the real colonies that emerged despite them, from New England to the Caribbean. The focus will be on the ideologies that shaped colonial plans and the political and social forces that shaped the colonies' development. The course will culminate with a research paper examining one colonial plan in detail. Prerequisite: A course in early American, colonial Latin American, or Early Modern European history. 4 credits.

History 334.01 "Britain, 1660-1720: From Medieval to Modern." With the revolution of 1688-89 as its centerpiece, this seminar will explore a variety of ways in which British political and cultural life was transformed in what one eminent historian has called Britain's "exit from medievalism." Great Britain itself was inaugurated in 1707; party politics became grudgingly accepted as a fact of life; religious toleration, however limited, was introduced by law; modern financial commercial institutions (central banking, national debt, stock exchange) made their appearance. The seminar will examine a wide variety of primary sources, e.g., statutes, parliamentary debates, sermons, tracts and pamphlets, memoirs, letters, diaries of both women and men, and some of the best prose and poetry of this or any age, the authors including Dryden, Defoe, and Swift. Other members of the faculty will be invited to participate in the seminar. Prerequisite: History 235 or History 236; or permission of instructor. 4 credits.

History 350.01 "Transition to Capitalism in Europe and Latin America." The course compares different historical accounts of the transition to capitalism. It begins by surveying the classical accounts of the emergence of capitalism written by Marx and Weber. We then move on to consider the recent historiography on the transition first in Europe and then in Latin America. Along the way we will consider two basic questions: What is capitalism? and What did it transition from? Students will be required to write two historiographical essays, one on the European case and one on the Latin American case. Prerequisites: any course on a pre-industrial society or by permission of the instructor. 4 credits.

Latin 344.01 "Roman Thought." The poetry of Lucretius and some of the essays of Cicero will be studied for the ways in which they present. Greek ideas to a Roman audience, on the subjects of nature, religion, politics, and the goals of life. Prerequisite: Latin 222 or 225 or equivalent, together with Humanities 101; or permission of instructor. 4 +2 credits.

Library 195.01 "Introductory Special Topic: Researching the College Paper." Small-group and individual instruction on techniques of library research. Especially useful for students planning a major research paper. Note: One-time Library Lab instruction is available without credit for students who cannot take the course or who need only limited assistance with library research. Prerequisite: none. Offered S/D/F only. 1 credit.

Mathematics 215.02 "Linear Algebra." This section of 215 will be run entirely with labs and discussions, no lectures. We will meet twice a week for a one and one-half hour computer lab and once a week for discussion of the labs. The labs are designed to help students understand applications, and providing tools that let students carry out their own investigations. The materials come from the "Linear Algebra Modules Project," which is being conducted by faculty at the University of Washington, Seattle Central Community College, and Grinnell College. 4 +2 credits.

Mathematics 220.01 "Differential Equations." First and second order differential equations; series solutions and Fourier series; linear and nonlinear systems of differential equations; applications. May not be taken by students who have completed Mathematics 226. Prerequisite: Mathematics 215. 4 +2 credits.

Mathematics 321.01 "Foundations of Abstract Algebra." The study of algebraic structures, with emphasis on formal systems such as groups, rings, and fields. Prerequisite: Mathematics 218 or 220. 4 +2 credits.

Mathematics 335.01 "Probability and Statistics I." Note prerequisite change. Mathematics 215 and any of 209, 218 or 220.4 +2 credits.

Music 101.XX "Practicum: Performance Ensembles." The study of musical literature through ensemble rehearsals and public performances. One credit awarded for each participation in a musical organization directed by the department, e.g. Orchestra, Chorus, Singers, Symphonic Concert Band, Collegium Musicum (early music consorts), Young, Gifted and Black (gospel choir), Canticum Novum (liturgical chamber choir), Chamber Ensemble, Jazz Band, and Javanese Gamelan and Dance. (A maximum of eight practicum credits may count toward graduation.) Does not count toward music major. S/D/F only. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. 1 to 6 credits.

Music 217.01 "Jazz Theory." Note prerequisite change. Music 112.

Music 261.01 "European Traditions: From 1550 to 1800." Note prerequisite change. Music 112 and 116.

Music 268.01 (Also Anthropology) "Regional Studies in World Music." An exploration music and its linkages to other facets of life in a particular geographic/culture region of the world. Possible regional foci include sub-Sahavan African, East Asia, South Asia and the Middle East, and Southeast Asia. Prerequisite: Music 116. 4 credits.

Music 321.01 "Advanced Music Studies: Counterpoint." Analysis and composition of inventions, canons, and fugues in the style of J.S. Bach and his contemporaries. Rudiments of orchestration will be covered and applied in original compositions. Compositions will be performed publicly. Prerequisite: Music 112. 4 credits.

Philosophy 102. 01 "Symbolic Logic." Note prerequisite change. Prerequisite: None.

Philosophy 295.01 "Special Topic: History of Scepticism." Scepticism has concerned philosophers since antiquity and a wide range of philosophical positions have been called "sceptical." This course will examine the writings of sceptical philosophers from the ancient to early modern periods including those of Sextus Empiricus, Cicero, Montaigne, Gassendi, Bayle, and Hume to determine what they share and how they differ. We will then examine a number of positions in 20th Century philosophy, including pragmatism, fallibilism, relativism, and anti-realism, to see how they relate to scepticism. Prerequisite: Philosophy 111 or permission of the instructor. 4 credits.

Physics 232.01 "Modern Physics." For students with an introductory physics background who wish to extend their knowledge of atomic, nuclear, and solid state physics. Emphasis on the basic phenomena and fundamental physics principles involved in special relativity and quantum mechanics and their subsequent application to atomic, nuclear, and solid state models. Prerequisite: Physics 131-132 and registration in Mathematics 215 co-requisite. 4 credits.

Physics 456.01 "Introduction to Quantum Theory." Note prerequisite change. Physics 232 and Mathematics 220.

Psychology 233. 01 "Developmental Psychology." Note prerequisite change. Psychology 113, Mathematics/Social Studies 115 or Mathematics 209.

Psychology 246.01 "Physiological Psychology." Note change in prerequisite. Psychology 113; One semester of Biology is recommended

Psychology 314.01 "Psychology of Women." Note prerequisite change. Psychology 113, Mathematics/Social Studies 115 or Mathematics 209, and either Gender and Women's Studies 111 or Psychology 214.

Psychology 355.01 "Psychology of Language." The study of contemporary psycholinguistics. A cognitive approach explores research and theory on the processing of linguistic information. Topics include speech perception, comprehension (memory, syntax, and semantics), production, acquisition, context, and language disorders. Laboratory required. Prerequisite: Psychology 260 or permission of instructor. 4 +2 credits.

Religious Studies 295.01 See Sociology 295.01.

Religious Studies 395.01 "Special Topic: Theory and Method in the Study of Religion."@ With an eye to methodological issues and hermeneutical challenges in the study of religion, this special topics course will focus on the history and assumptions of the comparative method in the study of religion and culture. This will involve a critical examination of the sources and perspectives on religion leading up to an emerging from the European Enlightenment, highlighting those elements that contributed to and informed the development of various methodological positions in the modern study of religion during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Prerequisite: Religious Studies major or consent of the instructor. 4 credits.

Sociology 295.01 (Also Religious Studies) "Special Topic: Sociology of Religion."@ This course will analyze religion as a social institution in the context of the larger society. Students will apply the sociological perspective to the study of religion and will examine a range of topics including religious organizations and experiences, religious conflict, religion and politics, and religion and social movements. Dimensions of race, class, ethnicity, gender, and sexuality will be integrated throughout the entire course of study. Although the course will focus on religion in the United States, students will be encouraged to consider religious institutions in other societies as well. Central to the course will be an analysis of the influence of religion in shaping social ethics and individual values. Prerequisite: Sociology 111, a religious stuSociology 390.01 "Advanced Studies in Sociology: Comparative Welfare Systems." An examination of systems of human services and public welfare in the United States and other economically developed countries. Traces the growth and decline of the "Welfare State," from the invention of unemployment insurance in the late 1800s to the welfare-reform controversies of th 1990s, with particular attention to events in the United States and Great Britain. Compares current policies for income support, health care provision, housing, and education in Europe and North America. Considers welfare policies in the context of structural inequalities of class, race, and gender. Also examines the changing roles of social workers and other human-services professionals. Prerequisite: Any 200-level Sociology courses or permission of instructor. 4 +2 credits.dies course, or permission of instructor. 4 +2 credits.

Theatre 195.01"Introductory Special Topic: Pilates, Ideo/kinesiology, Alignment." There are 2 main components to this course, 1. Learning the Pilates method of conditioning to understand the body from the inside out, and 2. Reading and studying to understand the human body from the outside in. Introductory exercises begin on a mat, where time is taken to deal with concepts of breath, alignment, support, and release of unnecessary tension. Soon the exercises are applied to a Pilates Reformer machine where they are made more complex and personalized. Conditioning consists of body isolations and specific muscle contractions and stretches which require knowledge about the body. Pilates requires a strong-mind link and the participant must actively conscious of her/his own body in order to grasp the specific required movements. It is as much scientific as artistic and physical. Two short papers are required. Attendance is extremely important. Concepts of ideo/kinesiology and body-mind training will be covered. Pilates is a growing method for movement training, especially in theatre, dance, physical therapy, and athletic groups around the world. Prerequisite: none. 4 credits.


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